How to learn Korean from scratch (4)

Why do I advocate learning grammar first? Because the grammar system of Chinese and Korean is very different. Even if you understand all the words, you still can’t understand the sentence. Moreover, the Korean words will be grammatically deformed according to different needs in the sentence. If you don’t understand the grammar, when you encounter the words that are grammatically deformed, even if you look them up in the dictionary, you can’t find out what it means. On the contrary, you have mastered the grammar, Even if you have a…

Why do I advocate learning grammar first? Because the grammar system of Chinese and Korean is very different. Even if you understand all the words, you still can’t understand the sentence. Moreover, the Korean words will be grammatically deformed according to different needs in the sentence. If you don’t understand the grammar, when you encounter the words that are grammatically deformed, even if you look them up in the dictionary, you can’t find out what it means. On the contrary, you have mastered the grammar, Even if you have a small vocabulary, you can use a dictionary to translate articles (regardless of special sentence patterns). For those who sometimes need to translate Korean documents because of work needs, it is more efficient to learn grammar first.
in general, language is just composed of words and grammar, learn grammar well, and then memorize words, which is more than half of the success

Knowing the importance of grammar, the next step is how to learn it

First of all, you should buy a grammar book, and you’d better read more grammar books written by different people. Because each person has different ideas and advantages and disadvantages, reading more things written by different people will help you find the most suitable one for yourself

Personally, I bought lt; Korean Practical Grammar gt;, from Yanbian University Press

In addition, before I bought this book, I downloaded two sets of e-books of grammar books on the Internet, but later I bought the above one and thought it was more suitable for me. After I got the grammar book, the first thing I need to do is to read the whole book, understand the general structure of Korean grammar, and find out the key points to be paid attention to in learning. As a person from the past, I think I need to know these things to learn Korean Grammar:
first, What Korean can change is predicates, mainly verbs and adjectives, which can change. After changing, they can add all kinds of “endings” (some grammar books are called “endings”), and then produce all kinds of meanings. This is what we should focus on. We need to understand how verbs and adjectives can change (actually, they are much simpler than Japanese), and what endings can be added after changing, How many kinds of ending words are there, when they are used and what they mean?
second, auxiliary words. Auxiliary words are equivalent to English prepositions, Japanese auxiliary words, and more similar to Japanese auxiliary words. Learning auxiliary words can help you to divide sentence components, find out where is the subject, where is the object, and so on, so that we can understand the sentence easily, It will be much easier to use the knowledge of auxiliary words to divide its components

Third, phrases and sentence patterns. Learning basic grammar alone is not enough to solve the grammar phenomenon in our daily life. Because some grammar words can be combined to produce more specific meanings, we must master some phrases and sentence patterns. I personally use the works of Pu Shanji and he Tongmei, which are published by the world book publishing company, and I feel very good, It’s suitable for beginners (there are more than 300 pieces in total, which is very reasonable in quantity) “when learning grammar in
, we usually have this feeling: there are many contents in the grammar book, so it’s hard to remember them all.
, my suggestion is: grammar is not back-to-back, but to consolidate in practice. What is written in the grammar book is not necessarily very common, it needs to be screened by practice.”
read the grammar book, The first thing we need to do is to find out what we need to learn. Then, we need to summarize and classify these key contents and form a macro understanding of grammar. For example, when we learn the ending, we will find that the ending is really much better and it’s not easy to memorize all of them. I have summarized the ending, made a table, typed out the usage and meaning of each ending, and carried it with me, As soon as you encounter something similar to the end of a word, you can check it and consolidate it in time. Therefore, you are familiar with grammar without memorizing. Not all of them are commonly used in many end of a word. Some of them may not be touched a few times in your life, and it’s too worthless to spend time memorizing them. Therefore, you need to rely on practice to select, It’s useful for us to find out which endings are useful. The common endings will naturally appear frequently. It’s hard for you to recognize them if you read too much. The uncommon endings seldom or never appear. It doesn’t matter if you don’t understand them. Or it’s OK to learn all of them when you want to continue to study to a certain extent

When reading grammar books, we should pay attention to the example sentences, the comparison between China and South Korea, and see if we can analyze the grammatical phenomena, where there are any auxiliary words, what are their usage, what are their endings, what are their meanings, what is the subject of the sentence, where is the object hellip; and so on. We should try to think about every grammar point we learn and every example sentence we look at. Of course, At first, you don’t know anything, and there are not many things that can be analyzed. For example, when you first learn the nominative particle, you can only find out what the subject of the sentence is. But the more you learn, the more you can analyze a sentence clearly. Next, if you have any words that you don’t understand, you can look them up in the dictionary

When learning grammar, don’t get to the top of your head. When you really can’t figure out a problem, don’t stand still and be upset with it all the time. Put it down and continue to learn other grammar knowledge. Maybe it’s not a problem after you quot; have seen a certain world quot;. Some students like to break the casserole when they encounter a grammar they don’t understand. It’s a good thing to ask, But in terms of the whole learning process, it’s not conducive to your progress in learning. Many problems you don’t understand now just because you haven’t reached that level, continue to learn, and then think about what you didn’t understand before after a while, maybe you can understand it

When reading grammar books, I don’t advocate to break those grammatical contents one by one. For example, if you look at the chapter of verbs first, you don’t know very well, so you have been there desperately trying to understand it. I don’t think it’s very good to do so. Because to understand a grammatical content, you need to cooperate with other grammars or vocabulary of sentences to understand it. When you haven’t fully learned grammar, It’s impossible to fully understand part of the content. I advocate reading chapters one by one. It doesn’t matter if you don’t fully understand them. After reading them all, read them again for the second time. I believe that each time you read them again and again, you will have different experience, because at that time, your vision is already different and you can understand more

In the process of learning grammar, pay attention to the analysis of example sentences, so you will not only get grammar, but also some of the most commonly used vocabulary. Because through grammar analysis, you will know which Korean corresponds to which Chinese. After learning grammar for a period of time, many words will be remembered invisibly, and will be remembered very firmly. In this way, the trouble of memorizing words in the early learning period will be avoided, Moreover, I don’t dislike words, which is good for further study

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